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Quick answer
"Be late" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "llegar tarde", and "arrive" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "llegar". Learn more about the difference between "be late" and "arrive" below.
be late(
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to arrive after the designated time)
a. llegar tarde
Hurry, Charlie! We're going to be late!¡Apúrate, Charlie! ¡Vamos a llegar tarde!
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
2. (time of day)
a. ser tarde
Hey, it's late. I should go home.Oye, ya es tarde. Debería irme a casa.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to reach a place)
a. llegar
I arrived at her house, and she was not there.Llegué a su casa y ella no estaba allí.
2. (to achieve success)
a. triunfar
She felt that she had arrived when she hired her first employee.Sintió que había triunfado cuando contrató a su primer empleado.
b. alcanzar el éxito
If you keep working hard, you will arrive.Si sigues trabajando duro, alcanzarás el éxito.
3. (to be born)
a. llegar
After several hours of labor, the baby arrived.Tras varias horas de parto, el bebé llegó.
b. nacer
The baby arrived before they reached the hospital.El bebé nació antes de que llegaran al hospital.
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