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Quick answer
"Be glad" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "estar contento", and "rejoice" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "alegrarse". Learn more about the difference between "be glad" and "rejoice" below.
be glad(
bi
 
glahd
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (general)
a. estar contento
I'm glad about the results of the security tests.Estoy contento con los resultados de las pruebas de seguridad.
b. estar alegre
Congratulations to the newlyweds! I'm glad for you.¡Felicitaciones a los recién casados! Estoy alegre por ustedes.
c. estar feliz
My book was finally published. I'm glad.Mi libro finalmente fue publicado. Estoy feliz.
d.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm glad that you've enjoyed your time at our villa.Me alegra que hayas disfrutado tu estadía en nuestra casa de campo.
My parents are glad that I've found love.Mis padres los puso contentos que yo haya encontrado el amor.
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rejoice
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to feel happiness)
a. alegrarse
The angels rejoiced when they saw the star.Los ángeles se alegraron al ver la estrella.
The people rejoiced when they learned that the wicked king was dead.El pueblo se alegró cuando supo que el rey malvado estaba muerto.
b. regocijarse
The exhausted castaway rejoiced when he made it to shore.El agotado náufrago se regocijó al llegar a la orilla.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(to make happy)
a. alegrar
The Cratchits were amazed that it should be Mr. Scrooge who would bring food and wine to rejoice their hearts.Los Cratchit se asombraron de que fuera el Sr. Scrooge quien les trajera comida y vino para alegrarles el corazón.
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