"Be afraid" is a phrase which is often translated as "ten miedo", and "scare" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "asustar". Learn more about the difference between "be afraid" and "scare" below.
be afraid(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (imperative; used to address one person)
a. ten miedo
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g., How are you?).
Be afraid, Josh. People say he's coming for you.Ten miedo, Josh. Dicen que viene por ti.
b. tenga miedo
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g., usted).
You will regret this day. Be afraid, Mr. Smith!Se arrepentirá de este día. ¡Tenga miedo, Sr. Smith!
2. (imperative; used to address multiple people)
a. tengan miedo (plural)
It will soon be Halloween. Be afraid; be very afraid!Pronto será Halloween. ¡Tengan miedo; tengan mucho miedo!
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
3. (to be scared)
a. tener miedo
When I was younger, I used to be afraid of the dark.Cuando era joven, le tenía miedo a la oscuridad.
b. temer
You shouldn't be afraid of him, son. He's not a real vampire.No debes temerle, hijo. No es un vampiro de verdad.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to frighten)
a. asustar
Don't surprise me like that again! You scared me.¡No me sorprendas de esa manera de nuevo! Me asustaste.
Horror movies don't scare me.Las películas de terror no me asustan.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
2. (to get frightened)
a. asustarse
She doesn't scare easily.Ella no se asusta con facilidad.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (fright)
a. el susto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Monica had a scare when the fireworks suddenly exploded.Mónica se llevó un susto cuando de repente explotaron los fuegos artificiales.
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