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Quick answer
"Base" is a noun which is often translated as "la base", and "policy" is a noun which is often translated as "la política". Learn more about the difference between "base" and "policy" below.
base(
beys
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (bottom support)
a. la base
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(wall, skull, lamp)
The base of the wall was damaged by termites.La base de la pared fue dañada por las termitas.
b. el pie
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(mountain, tree, cliff)
The farm at the base of the mountain was washed away in a flash flood.La finca al pie de la montaña fue arrastrada por una inundación repentina.
c. el pedestal
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(statue, sculpture)
At the base of the statue there's an inscription commemorating the battle of Lepanto.En el pedestal de la estatua hay una inscripción que conmemora la batalla de Lepanto.
2.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(starting point)
a. la base
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Article 562 provides the base of our argument.El artículo 562 constituye la base de nuestra argumentación.
b. el fundamento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The base of the debate on abortion is when life begins.El fundamento de la discusión sobre el aborto es cuándo empieza la vida.
3. (military)
a. la base
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Bill and Sarah live on an army base in Germany.Bill y Sarah viven en una base del ejército en Alemania.
4. (center of operations)
a. la sede
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The rescue mission base is located in the center of the earthquake-hit zone.La sede de la misión de rescate se encuentra en el centro de la zona afectada por el terremoto.
5. (main ingredient)
a. la base
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I’m looking for recipes with a tomato base to use up the tomatoes from the garden.Estoy buscando recetas con una base de tomate para usar los tomates de la huerta.
6. (sports)
a. la base
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The batter hit the ball and ran to first base.El bateador bateó la pelota y corrió a la primera base.
7. (mathematics)
a. la base
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Luis studied base two calculations as a part of his computer programming class.Luís estudio cálculos de base dos como parte de su clase de programación de computadoras.
8. (chemistry)
a. la base
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
An antacid is a base that is used to neutralize excess stomach acid.Un antiácido es una base que se utiliza para neutralizar el exceso de ácido estomacal.
9. (linguistics)
a. la base
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Prefixes are added before the base or stem of a word.Los prefijos se agregan a la base o la raíz de una palabra.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
10. (to found)
a. basar
Felipe bases all of his arguments on the Bible.Felipe basa todos sus argumentos en la Biblia.
b. fundamentar
Dr. Rubin based her thesis on data she had collected in her field work in Kenya.La doctora Rubin fundamentó su tesis en datos que había reunido en su trabajo de campo en Kenia.
11. (to locate)
a. tener su base
The campaign was based in Kansas.La campaña tenía su base en Kansas.
b. vivir
Jane has been based in Barcelona for a while.Jane vive en Barcelona desde hace un tiempo.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
12. (vile)
a. vil
Jones refused to respond to such base accusations.Jones se negó a responder a acusaciones tan viles.
b. bajo
He kept looking for ways to satisfy his base instincts.No paraba de buscar formas de satisfacer sus bajos instintos.
c. abyecto
Accusing a citizen with no chance of defending himself is a truly base act.Acusar a un ciudadano sin posibilidad de defenderse es un acto verdaderamente abyecto.
13. (minimum)
a. básico
The position has a base pay of $1,000 per week.El puesto tiene un salario básico de $1,000 por semana.
14. (non-precious)
a. común
Iron is a base metal.El hierro es un metal común.
15. (chemistry)
a. base
You need to add a base substance to neutralize the acid.Hay que agregar una sustancia base para neutralizar el ácido.
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policy(
pa
-
lih
-
si
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (politics)
a. la política
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We oppose the government's policy of sending migrant children back to their country of origin.Nos oponemos a la política del gobierno de repatriar a niños inmigrantes a su país de orígen.
2. (guideline)
a. la política
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The company has a zero-tolerance policy on discrimination.La compañía tiene una política de tolerancia cero en cuanto a la discriminación.
b. la norma
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My policy is to buy local produce whenever I can.Mi norma personal es de comprar productos cultivados en la zona siempre que pueda.
3. (insurance)
a. la póliza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It is important to have an adequate life insurance policy if you have small children.Es importante contar con una póliza de seguro de vida adecuada si tiene hijos pequeños.
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