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Quick answer
"Badge" is a noun which is often translated as "la insignia", and "sign" is a noun which is often translated as "el letrero". Learn more about the difference between "badge" and "sign" below.
badge(
bahj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (emblem)
a. la insignia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was praised for earning more merit badges than the other members of his group.Fue alabado por ganar más insignias al mérito que los demás miembros de su grupo.
b. el distintivo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was awarded the badge on his uniform for his bravery during the war.Le otorgaron el distintivo de su uniforme por su valentía durante la guerra.
c. la chapa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(made of metal)
We knew he was a police officer by the badge on his sleeve.Sabíamos que era policía por la chapa de su manga.
d. la placa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I ordered some name badges for the delegates.Pedí unas placas identificativas para los congresistas.
2.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(display)
a. la señal
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Wearing a suit used to be regarded as a badge of respectability.Llevar traje solía considerarse señal de respetabilidad.
b. el símbolo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fraternity brothers said that the brands they gave each other were like badges of honor.Los hombres en el círculo estudiantil dijeron que las marcas de hierro que se hicieron eran como símbolos de honor.
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sign(
sayn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (public notice)
a. el letrero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He put up a "No Parking" sign in his yard.Puso un letrero que decía "Prohibido estacionarse" en su jardín.
b. la señal
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(traffic)
Didn't you see the sign? U-turns aren't allowed.¿No viste la señal? No se permiten vueltas en U.
c. el cartel
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There's a sign outside the store that says "Back in five minutes."Hay un cartel afuera de la tienda que dice "Regresamos en cinco minutos".
d. el rótulo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's too dark and I can't see what the sign says.Está muy oscuro y no puedo ver lo que dice el rótulo.
e. la pancarta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(in a demonstration)
The protesters had made many signs for the march.Los manifestantes habían hecho muchas pancartas para la marcha.
2. (indication)
a. la señal
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Your brother is losing weight fast; that's a bad sign.Tu hermano está bajando de peso muy rápido. Esa es una mala señal.
b. el indicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
All signs seem to indicate that a tornado is on the way.Todos los indicios señalan que viene un tornado.
c. el signo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Birds are very agitated. That's a sign that a storm is on its way.Los pájaros están muy alborotados. Eso es un signo de que hay una tormenta de camino.
3. (gesture)
a. la seña
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He made a sign that he was on the phone and couldn't talk.Me hizo una seña que estaba en el teléfono y no podía hablar.
4. (symbol)
a. el signo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My Zodiac sign is Pisces and I love the water.Mi signo del zodíaco es Piscis y me encanta el agua.
What does the pound sign mean in Twitter?¿Qué indica el signo de número en Twitter?
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to authorize)
a. firmar
I need you to sign the contract.Necesito que firmes el contrato.
6. (to say in sign language)
a. decir con lenguaje de señas
How do you sign "I love you"?¿Cómo se dice "te quiero" con lenguaje de señas?
7. (sports)
a. fichar
They signed the free agent to a max contract.Ficharon al agente libre a un contrato máximo.
b. contratar
After two seasons, they were finally able to sign the forward they wanted.Después de dos temporadas, finalmente lograron contratar al delantero que querían.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
8. (to authorize)
a. firmar
Please sign here.Favor de firmar aquí.
9. (to use sign language)
a. comunicarse por señas
It's been years since I've been able to sign. I'm out of practice.Hace años que no uso el lenguaje de señas. Estoy fuera de práctica.
10. (sports)
a. fichar
The quarterback signed with his third team in four seasons.El mariscal de campo fichó con su tercer equipo en cuatro temporadas.
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