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"Any" is a pronoun which is often translated as "alguno", and "much" is an adjective which is often translated as "mucho". Learn more about the difference between "any" and "much" below.
any(
eh
-
ni
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
pronoun
1. (some)
a. alguno (in place of masculine plural noun)
I can play three instruments. Can you play any?Puedo tocar tres instrumentos. ¿Sabes tocar alguno?
b. alguna (in place of feminine plural noun)
I have lots of apples. Do you want any?Tengo muchas manzanas. ¿Quieres alguna?
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
(in place of uncountable noun)
Can I have some gum? - I don't have any.¿Me das un chicle? - No tengo.
We ran out of flour. Did you buy any?Se nos acabó la harina. ¿Compraste más?
2. (none)
a. ninguno (in place of masculine plural noun)
Did you find some new books? - No, there weren't any.¿Encontraste libros nuevos? - No, no había ninguno.
b. ninguna (in place of feminine plural noun)
Did you buy the slippers? - No, there weren't any.¿Compraron las pantuflas? - No, no había ninguna.
3. (whichever)
a. cualquiera
I don't care which shirt I get. Any is fine.No me importa qué camisa me toque. Cualquiera está bien.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
adjective
4. (some)
a. algo de (before uncountable noun)
Do you have any money?¿Tienes algo de dinero?
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
(before uncountable or plural noun)
Do you have any kids?¿Tienes hijos?
Do you have any sugar?¿Tienes azúcar?
5. (none)
a. ningún (before countable masculine noun)
It isn't any problem.No es ningún problema.
b. ninguna (before countable feminine noun)
I don't have any pens left.No me queda ninguna pluma.
c. nada de (before uncountable noun)
I don't have any money left.No me queda nada de dinero.
d.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
(with uncountable or plural noun)
I don't have any time.No tengo tiempo.
We don't have any choice.No tenemos otra opción.
6. (whatever quantity)
a. cuantos
Eric said he wants any sodas that you don't drink.Eric dijo que quiere cuantos refrescos no tomen.
You can give me any skirts that don't fit you.Cuantas faldas no te queden me las puedes dar a mí.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I want any chocolates that are left after the party.Quiero todos los chocolates que queden después de la fiesta.
You can leave any pages you don't need on the table.Puedes dejar en la mesa cualquier hoja que no ocupes.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
adverb
7. (before comparative adjective)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Do you want any more salad?¿Quieres más ensalada?
If there aren't any further questions, we'll end the meeting.Si no hay más preguntas, terminaremos la junta.
b. algo
Is your dad feeling any better?¿Se siente algo mejor tu papá?
c. nada (only in negative phrases)
I don't think the room they painted looks any better.Para mí el cuarto que pintaron no se va nada mejor.
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much(
muhch
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
adjective
1. (a lot)
a. mucho (with uncountable nouns)
I don't have much money, but you can borrow a dollar.No tengo mucho dinero, pero te presto un dólar.
I have never eaten much sugar.Nunca he comido mucha azúcar.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
adverb
2. (to a great degree)
a. mucho
I like this job much better than my last one.Este trabajo me gusta mucho más que el anterior.
3. (frequently)
a. mucho
Do you come to this cafe to study much?¿Vienes mucho a este café a estudiar?
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
pronoun
4. (a lot)
a. mucho
Much of what was left after the war was in poor condition.Mucho de lo que restó después de la guerra estaba en un estado pésimo.
b. mucha
I thought we wouldn't have enough food, but so much is left over.Pensé que no tendríamos suficiente comida, pero queda mucha.
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