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"Abstract" is an adjective which is often translated as "abstracto", and "summary" is a noun which is often translated as "el resumen". Learn more about the difference between "abstract" and "summary" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
adjective
1. (not concrete)
a. abstracto
Love and faith are abstract; they can't be seen or touched.El amor y la fe son abstractos; no se pueden ver ni tocar.
2. (theoretical)
a. abstracto
Everything we learn in this class is abstract. I wish we had a chance to put it in practice.Todo lo que aprendemos en esta clase es abstracto. Me gustaría que pudiéramos llevarlo a la práctica.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
noun
3. (summary)
a. el resumen
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
I finally sent the abstract to the journal.Por fin envié el resumen a la revista.
4. (painting)
a. el cuadro abstracto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
Her abstracts shocked the art world.Sus cuadros abstractos escandalizaron al mundo del arte.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
5. (to separate)
a. abstraer
They were able to abstract the most important ideas from the text.Fueron capaces de abstraer las ideas más importantes del texto.
6. (to summarize)
a. resumir
The editor abstracted the author's work before publishing it.El editor resumió el trabajo del autor antes de publicarlo.
7. (to remove)
a. extraer
They need permission to abstract water from the river.Necesitan permiso para extraer agua del río.
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summary(
suh
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muh
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A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
noun
1. (abstract)
a. el resumen
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
I wrote a summary of the book for its back cover.Escribí un resumen del libro para su contraportada.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
adjective
2. (brief statement)
a. sumario
The bank sends out summary financial statements each quarter.El banco envía estados sumarios financieros cada trimestre.
3. (legal)
a. inmediato
Summary dismissals should only be considered in cases involving misconduct.Los despidos inmediatos solo se contemplarán en casos de falta de ética profesional.
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