Quick answer
"False" is an adjective which is often translated as "falso", and "is it true" is a phrase which is often translated as "¿es cierto?". Learn more about the difference between "false" and "is it true" below.
false
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (not true)
a. falso
His life was ruined by false accusations.Su vida quedó arruinada como resultado de falsas acusaciones.
2. (incorrect)
a. equivocado
He clings to his false beliefs despite all evidence to the contrary.Se aferra a sus creencias equivocadas a pesar de todas las pruebas en contrario.
b. falso
She blushed when she sang a false note.Se sonrojó cuando cantó una nota falsa.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
A false move might mean the candidate's complete failure.Un movimiento en falso podría significar el fracaso total del candidato.
The referee didn't penalize him for a false start.El árbitro no lo sancionó por la salida nula.
3. (artificial)
a. postizo
After losing his teeth in an accident, he's had to use false teeth.Después de perder los dientes en un accidente, ha tenido que usar dientes postizos.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The ducting is hidden above the false ceiling.Los ductos están escondidos arriba del cielorraso.
The secret agent smuggled the documents out in a briefcase with a false bottom.El agente secreto pasó los documentos de contrabando en un maletín con doble fondo.
4. (meant to deceive)
a. falso
Immigration authorities stopped him when they detected that his passport was false.Las autoridades de inmigración lo detuvieron cuando detectaron que su pasaporte era falso.
5. (disloyal)
a. infiel
Josie turned out to be a false lover, only interested in Kevin's money.Josie resultó ser una amante infiel, sólo interesada en el dinero de Kevin.
6. (unlawful)
a. ilegal
Susana sued the police for her son's false arrest.Susana demandó a la policía por la detención ilegal de su hijo.
7. (linguistics)
a. falso
Second language learners need to be careful with false friends.Los estudiantes de un segundo idioma tienen que tener cuidado con los falsos amigos.
8. (insincere)
a. forzado
Anthony looked at her sadly, and gave her a false smile.Anthony la miró con tristeza y le hizo una sonrisa forzada.
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is it true
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. ¿es cierto?
I heard you're leaving. Is it true?Oí que te vas. ¿Es cierto?
b. ¿es verdad?
Is it true that Daniel is getting married?¿Es verdad que Daniel se va a casar?
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