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Quick answer
"Único" is an adjective which is often translated as "only", and "sustantivo" is an adjective which is often translated as "substantive". Learn more about the difference between "único" and "sustantivo" below.
único(
oo
-
nee
-
koh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (sole)
a. only
Este pan es el único que queda.This loaf is the only one left.
2. (extraordinary)
a. unique
Thoreau fue un escritor único.Thoreau was a unique writer.
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sustantivo(
soos
-
tahn
-
tee
-
boh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (essential)
a. substantive
Hay diferencias substantivas entre las atmósferas de Marte y Venus.There are substantive differences between the atmospheres of Mars and Venus.
b. substantial
Nuestra jefa ha invertido una cantidad sustantiva de dinero en el proyecto.Our boss has invested a substantial sum of money in the project.
c. fundamental
La enseñanza de la tolerancia es un paso sustantivo en el desarrollo de una sociedad cooperativa.Teaching tolerance is a fundamental step in developing a cooperative society.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (grammar)
a. noun
"Gato" y "perro" son sustantivos."Cat" and "dog" are nouns.
b. substantive (formal)
Estudiamos los diferentes tipos de sustantivos en mi clase de sintaxis.We studied the different types of substantives in my syntax class.
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