An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (used to indicate place)
a. ahí (close to the listener)
You can leave your coat there.Puedes dejar tu abrigo ahí.
b. allí (further away from the listener)
I left the books there because I didn't know where to put them.Dejé los libros allí porque no sabía dónde ponerlos.
c. allá (even further away from the listener)
I have a friend who lives in London. I'm going to visit him there in October.Tengo un amigo que vive en Londres. Voy a visitarlo allá en octubre.
2. (at that point)
a. ahí
That's all the time we have for now, so we'll have to stop there.Ya no nos da tiempo para más, así que lo dejaremos ahí por ahora.
3. (used to indicate existence)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
There aren't enough chairs in this office.No hay suficientes sillas en esta oficina.
There were a lot of people at the party.Había mucha gente en la fiesta.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
4. (used to indicate completion)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
There! All of the boxes have been packed.¡Hecho! Se han empacado todas las cajas.
There! The car shouldn't give you any more trouble after that fix.¡Listo! El coche no te debería dar más problemas después de esa reparación.
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A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (general)
there is, there arehay
there was, there werehabía/hubo
there will behabrá
there's a page missingfalta una página
2. (colloquial)
there's two slices leftquedan dos lonchas
there isn't anyno hay
there are four of ussomos cuatro
there comes a time when…llega un momento en que…
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (referring to place)
a. ahí
4. (more distant; at precise point)
a. allí
5. (more vaguely)
a. allá
the keys aren't therelas llaves no están ahí/allí
who's there?¿quién es?
up/down thereahí arriba/abajo
I'm going there tomorrowvoy para allá mañana
we went to Paris and from there to Romefuimos a París, y de allí a Roma
somewhere near therepor allí cerca
put it over thereponlo ahí
give me that book theredame ese libro de ahí
do we have time to get there and back?¿tenemos tiempo de ir (allí) y volver?
there and thenen aquel instante, al momento
hey! you there!¡oye, tú!
there they are!¡ahí están!
there she goes!¡va por ahí!
there you are!¡ahí tienes!
6. (colloquial)
he's not all thereno está bien de la cabeza
7. (at that point)
we'll stop there for todaylo dejamos aquí por hoy
there's the difficultyahí está la dificultad
8. (colloquial)
there you have me!, you've got me there!¡ahí me has pillado!
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
9. (general)
there now, that's done!¡hala, ya está!
there (you are), I told you so¿ves?, ya te lo dije
there, there! don't worry!¡venga, no te preocupes!
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1 (place) (there near you) ahí; (less precisely) allí; (further away) allá
put it there, on the table ponlo ahí, en la mesa; when we left there cuando partimos de allí; I don't know how to get there no sé cómo llegar allí; there he is! ¡allí está!; there's the bus ahí viene el autobús; ya viene el autobús; there we were, stuck así que nos encontramos allí sin podernos mover
to go there and back ir y volver
12 kilometres there and back 12 kilómetros ida y vuelta; we left him back there at the crossroads lo dejamos allí atrás, en el cruce
to be there for sb (supportive) estar al lado de algn; apoyar a algn
Greg was always there for me, even during the worst times
down there on the floor ahí en el suelo
let's go down there by the river vamos allí por el río; I'm going to London, my sister's already down there voy a Londres, mi hermana ya está allí
it's in there está ahí dentro
it's on there está ahí encima
it's over there by the TV está allí, junto al televisor
there and then en el acto; en seguida
they're through there in the dining room están por esa puerta or por ahí, en el comedor
what's the cat doing up there? ¿qué hace el gato ahí arriba?
he's not all there le falta un tornillo (informal)
2 (as addition to phrase)
hurry up there! ¡menearse!
mind out there! ¡cuidado ahí!
move along there! (on street) ¡retírense!; (in bus, train) ¡muévanse!; ¡no se paren, sigan para atrás!
you there! ¡oye, tú!; ¡eh, usted! (formal)
3 (in existence, available)
if the demand is there, the product will appear si existe la demanda, aparecerá el producto; it's no good asking because the money just isn't there no sirve de nada pedir dinero, sencillamente porque no hay; the old church is still there today la vieja iglesia todavía está en pie or existe hoy; is John there, please? (on phone) ¿está John?
4 (on that point) en eso
there we differ en eso discrepamos or no estamos de acuerdo; you're right there en eso tienes razón; I agree with you there en eso estoy de acuerdo contigo; there you are wrong ahí se equivoca; en eso te equivocas
5 (at that point)
we'll leave it there for today lo dejaremos aquí por hoy
could I just stop you there and say something? ¿puedo interrumpirte para decir algo al respecto?
6 (emphasizing, pointing out)
there, now look what you've done! desde luego, ¡mira lo que has hecho!
there again por otra parte
there you are, what did I tell you! ¿ves? es lo que te dije
"there you are," — he said, handing the book over —ahí lo tienes —dijo, entregando el libro
there you go again, upsetting the children ¿vuelta a las andadas, molestando a los niños?; ¿ya estamos otra vez molestando a los niños?
it wasn't what I wanted, but there you go no era lo que buscaba, pero ¿qué le vamos a hacer?
I'm not going, so there! pues no voy, y fastídiate (informal)
there is there are hay
there will be habrá; there were ten bottles había or habían diez botellas; especially (LAm) how many are there? ¿cuántos hay?; there will be eight people for dinner tonight seremos ocho para cenar esta noche; there was laughter at this en esto hubo risas; there was singing and dancing se cantó y se bailó; there has been an accident ha habido un accidente; are there any bananas? ¿hay plátanos?; is there any coffee? ¿hay café?
there is no wine left no queda vino
there might be time/room puede que haya tiempo/sitio
there is a pound missing falta una libra
there, drink this bebe esto; there, there (comforting) no te preocupes; no pasa nada; but there, what's the use? pero ¡vamos!, es inútil
Unlike there is/are etc, hay, hubo, había, ha habido etc do not change to reflect number:
There were two kidnappings and a murder Hubo dos secuestros y un asesinato
Will there be many students at the party? ¿Habrá muchos estudiantes en la fiesta?
To translate there must be, there may be etc, you can use tiene que haber, debe (de) haber, puede haber etc although other constructions will also be possible:
There may be a strike Puede haber or Puede que haya huelga
There must be all sorts of things we could do Tiene que haber muchas cosas que podamos hacer
If there is/there are is followed by the, you should normally not use hay etc. Use estar instead:
And then there are the neighbours to consider Están también los vecinos, a los que hay que tener en cuenta
There is also the question of the money transfer Está también la cuestión de la transferencia del dinero
Hay etc should only be used to talk about existence and occurrence. Don't use it to talk about location. Use estar instead to say where things are:
After the shop there's the bus station Después de la tienda está la estación de autobuses
Don't use hay etc to translate phrases like there are four of us, there will be six of them. Instead, use ser in the relevant person:
There are four of us Somos cuatro
There will be six of them Serán seis
Remember to use que in the construction hay algo que hacer (there is sth to do):
There is a lot to do Hay mucho que hacer
What is there to do? ¿Qué hay que hacer?
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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