sit up(
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to move from a lying position)
a. incorporarse
The injured man tried to sit up, but didn't have the strength.El hombre herido intentó incorporarse, pero no tenía fuerzas.
2. (to straighten one's back)
a. ponerse derecho
We all sat up when the teacher came into the room.Todos no pusimos derechos cuando el profesor entró en el aula.
b. enderezarse
My mother always told me I'd have bad posture if I didn't sit up.Mi madre siempre me decía que, si no me enderezaba, acabaría teniendo mala postura.
3. (to become interested)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
They soon sat up and paid attention when they realized there was something in it for them.Pronto empezaron a prestar atención, en cuanto se dieron cuenta de que tenían algo que ganar con ello.
Things like this make you sit up and reconsider the consequences of your actions.Cosas así te obligan a detenerte y reconsiderar las consecuencias de tus actos.
4. (to not go to bed)
a. quedarse levantado
I sat up all night writing this essay!¡Me quedé toda la noche levantada escribiendo este trabajo!
b. esperar levantado
My mother used to sit up for us when we went out at night.Mi madre solía esperarnos levantada cuando salíamos por la noche.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
5. (to put in a sitting position)
a. sentar
I sat the baby up so he wouldn't mess up his clothes as he was eating.Senté al bebé para que no se ensuciara la ropa mientras comía.
b. incorporar
A nurse came and sat me up on the pillows.Vino una enfermera que me incorporó y me dejó apoyada contra las almohadas.
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sit up
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
1. (straighten one's back)
a. sentarse derecho(a)
2. (from lying position)
a. incorporarse
3. (fig)
to make somebody s uphacer reaccionar a alguien
4. (not go to bed)
to s up (late)quedarse levantado(a) hasta tarde
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
sit up
1 (straighten o.s.) ponerse derecho; enderezarse; (after lying) incorporarse
sit up straight! ¡ponte derecho!; ¡enderézate!
her head spins dizzily as she sits up to sit up and [take notice]
when someone was killed they finally began to sit up and take notice of the situation tuvo que morir alguien para que finalmente decidieran tomar cartas en la situación; he knew the offer of money would make them sit up and take notice sabía que la oferta de dinero conseguiría hacerles prestar atención
the orthodox medical world has begun to sit up and take notice of the role diet has to play in health the War Office had not been particularly concerned at the occasional fatal crashes that had afflicted aviation, but when the casualties were British officers it sat up and took notice "I'll pay you good money," Ted said at last. He knew that would make them sit up and take notice these lads are making people sit up and take notice of Southend United to make sb sit up (and take notice)
a defeat like that makes you sit up and think una derrota como esa te da en qué pensar
2 (stay up late)
they often sit up late, talking a menudo trasnochan, hablando; I sat up all night trying to work it out me quedé toda la noche levantado intentando descifrarlo
to sit up [for] sb
I'll be late back so don't sit up for me volveré tarde así que no me esperes levantado
to sit up [with] sb
to sit up with a child pasar la noche en vela con un niño; I sat up with her for most of the night estuve con ella casi toda la noche, haciéndole compañía
transitive verb
[+doll, baby] sentar; [+patient, invalid] incorporar
she sat him up and made him comfortable
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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