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Usage note
The words "oposición" and "oposiciones" can be used interchangeably in Spanish to refer to a single examination in the sense shown in 3).
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (politics)
a. opposition
La oposición critica todas las decisiones tomadas por el presidente del Gobierno.The opposition criticize all the decisions taken by the prime minister.
2. (disagreement)
a. opposition
Los ciudadanos mostraron su oposición a las nuevas medidas del Gobierno yendo a la huelga.The citizens showed their opposition to the new measures of the government going on a strike.
3. (public competition)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. public examination
Mi padre se sacó una oposición de magisterio en 1985.My father passed a public examination to become a teacher in 1985.
b. competitive examination
Este año me presento a las oposiciones pero hay muy pocas plazas.This year I am sitting the competitive examination but there are very few vacancies.
c. competitive public examination
Las oposiciones para mi especialidad tienen lugar en Burgos el mes que viene.The competitive public examinations for my specialization take place in Burgos next month.
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feminine noun
1. opposition (en general)
  • los partidos de la oposición the opposition parties
2. resistance (resistencia)
3. (examen)
    = competitive public examination for employment in the civil service, education, legal system etc
  • oposición a profesor = public examination to obtain a state teaching post
  • preparar oposiciones to be studying for a public examination
OPOSICIONES These are public examinations held to fill vacancies in the public sector on a national, provincial or local basis. The positions attained through these exams normally imply a job for life (with a working day from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m.), and they are much sought after in a country with a tradition of high unemployment. There are usually far too many candidates for every job advertised, so the requirements listed can be extremely rigorous: if you apply to be a mailman or a clerk you may have to show an in-depth knowledge of the Constitution. This is why many people spend years preparing for these examinations, especially for posts with more responsibility.
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
1 (gen) opposition
oposición frontal direct opposition; total opposition
El PP de Cebreros (Avila) ha manifestado su [oposición frontal] al proyecto del Ayuntamiento de la localidad de instalar un centro penitenciario en el término municipal.
2 (España)(also oposiciones) Civil Service examination
hay varias plazas de libre oposición o de oposición libre there are several places that will be filled on the basis of a competitive examination; sacar unas oposiciones to be successful in a public competition
hacer oposiciones a ... presentarse a unas oposiciones a ... to sit an examination for ...
hacer oposiciones para una cátedra to compete for a chair
Being a civil servant in Spain means having a job for life, but applicants for public-sector jobs must pass competitive exams called oposiciones. The candidates (opositores) must sit a series of written exams and/or attend interviews. Some applicants spend years studying for and resitting exams, so preparing candidates for oposiciones is a major source of work for many academias. All public-sector appointments that are open to competition are published in the BOE, an official government publication.
note See culture box in entry academia.note See culture box in entry BOE.
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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