Preterite vs. Imperfect 
Cheat Sheet
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (frequently)
a. a menudo
I come to this store often.Vengo a esta tienda a menudo.
b. frecuentemente
I know she visits him often.Sé que lo visita frecuentemente.
c. con frecuencia
I often go shopping after work.Voy de compras después de trabajar con frecuencia.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (general)
a. a menudo, frecuentemente
how often?¿cuántas veces?
as often as notla mitad de las veces
more often than notmuchas veces
every so oftende vez en cuando, cada cierto tiempo
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
often [ˈɒfən]
a menudo; con frecuencia; seguido; (LAm)
I've often wondered why you turned the job down me he preguntado muchas veces or a menudo or con frecuencia por qué no aceptaste el trabajo; it's not often that I ask you to help me no es frecuente que te pida ayuda; we often meet here solemos reunirnos aquí; do you often argue? ¿discutís mucho?; ¿discutís muy a menudo?
we visit her as often as possible la visitamos tanto como nos es posible
twice as often as dos veces más que; women consult doctors twice as often as men las mujeres consultan a un médico dos veces más que los hombres
men appeared on TV two and a half times as often as women
as often as not la mitad de las veces
every so often (of time) de vez en cuando; (of distance, spacing) de trecho en trecho; cada cierta distancia
we see each other every so often nos vemos de vez en cuando; nos vemos alguna que otra vez
how often? (how many times) ¿con qué frecuencia?; (at what intervals) ¿cada cuánto?
how often do you see him? ¿cada cuánto lo ves?; ¿con qué or cuánta frecuencia lo ves?
how often do the boats leave?
how often have I warned you that this would happen? ¿cuántas veces te he advertido de que iba a pasar esto?; how often she had asked herself that very question! ¡cuántas veces se había hecho esa misma pregunta!
he saw her less often now that she had a job la veía con menos frecuencia ahora que tenía un trabajo
more often than not la mayoría de las veces; las más de las veces
more often than not he got home late more often than not, Champagne is reserved for rather more special occasions more often than not he was in trouble with his teachers the book is more often than not naive criminals more often than not rely on their victims following a regular timetable
he's read it so often he knows it off by heart lo ha leído tantas veces que se lo sabe de memoria
(all) too often con demasiada frecuencia; demasiado a menudo; demasiadas veces
he slid down the bannisters once too often and broke them
you've been drunk on duty once too often ha estado borracho una y otra vez estando de servicio
very often muchísimas veces; muy a menudo
On average, women visit the doctor twice as often as men As often as not, these stolen paintings end up in America how often do you use your car? All too often the medical profession is keen to treat these symptoms with tranquillisers or anti-depressants every so often he looked up and smiled he was finally thrown off the course after turning up drunk once too often his behaviour is often disappointing
In statements
When often means "on many occasions", you can usually translate it using con frecuencia or a menudo:
He often came to my house Venía con frecuencia or a menudo a mi casa
She doesn't often get angry No se enfada con frecuencia or a menudo
You are late too often Llegas tarde con demasiada frecuencia or demasiado a menudo
In informal contexts, particularly when often can be substituted by a lot or much with no change of meaning, mucho is an alternative translation:
He doesn't often come to see me No viene mucho a verme
He often hangs out in this bar Para mucho en este bar
Muchas veces is another possible translation, but it should be used with the present only if the time, place or activity is restricted in some way:
I've often heard him talk about the need for this law Le he oído muchas veces hablar de la necesidad de esta ley
It can often be difficult to discuss this subject with one's partner Muchas veces es difícil hablar con la pareja sobre este tema
When often describes a predictable, habitual or regular action, you can often translate it using the present or imperfect of soler as applicable:
In England it is often cold in winter En Inglaterra suele hacer frío en invierno
I often have a glass of sherry before dinner Suelo tomar un jerez antes de cenar
We often went out for a walk in the evening Solíamos salir por la tarde a dar un paseo
Use soler also when often means "in many cases":
This heart condition is often very serious Esta enfermedad cardíaca suele ser muy grave
In questions
You can usually use con frecuencia in questions, though there are other possibilities:
How often do you go to Madrid? ¿Con qué frecuencia vas a Madrid?
Do you often go to Spain? ¿Vas a España con frecuencia?, ¿Vas a menudo or mucho a España?
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
Machine Translators
Translate often using machine translators
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