1 (acto) generation
generación de empleo employment creation
producirse o surgir por generación espontánea to come out of nowhere; come out of the blue
2 (grupo) generation
la generación del 27/98 the generation of '27/'98; las nuevas generaciones the rising generation; primera/segunda/tercera/cuarta generación (Informática) first/second/third/fourth generation
The Generación del 27 is the collective name given to a group of writers and poets including Lorca, Alberti, Guillén, Cernuda and Aleixandre, who drew inspiration from earlier Spanish poets as well as from popular folk song and contemporary European art (Dadaism, Surrealism, Cubism). They particularly admired Góngora (1561-1627) and it was their commemoration of the anniversary of his death that earned them the title Generación del 27.
The Generación del 98 was the name coined by Azorín for a group of writers (Baroja, Machado, Unamuno, Maeztu, Ganivet, and himself, amongst others) who saw Spain's defeat in the Cuban American war of 1898 as the start of a decline in values. While not all the supposed members of the group accepted their inclusion in it, their work demonstrates shared themes, ideals and concerns.