Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Usage note
This prefix changes to "im-" before "b" or "p", to "i-" before "l", and to "ir-" before "r."
A prefix is an affix that is added to the beginning of a word to create a new word with a different meaning (e.g. auto, pre).
1. (not)
a. in-
Tu cuenta ha estado inactiva por dos meses.Your account has been inactive for two months.
b. im-
Hércules era el hijo de un dios, pero no era inmortal.Hercules was the son of a god, but he was not immortal.
c. il-
Aquí es ilegal beber alcohol en la calle.Drinking alcohol in the streets is illegal here.
d. ir-
No confío en Marcelo. Es muy irresponsable.I don't trust Marcelo. He's very irresponsible.
e. un-
Fernanda se divorció porque era infeliz.Fernanda got divorced because she was unhappy.
2. (inside or inward)
a. in-
Los ladrones se infiltraron en el museo sin ser detectados.The thieves infiltrated the museum without being detected.
b. im-
El loco dice que el Gobierno le implantó un chip en la cabeza.The crazy man says the government implanted a chip in his head.
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