have been

Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
have been(
hahv
 
bihn
)
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
copular verb
1. (used to talk about permanent qualities)
a. haber sido
Yolanda has been the owner of this restaurant since 2003, when she acquired from her old boss.Yolanda ha sido la dueña de este restaurante desde 2003, cuando lo adquirió de su antiguo jefe.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
(for time periods)
I have been a teacher at this school for ten years.Llevo diez años como profesor en esta escuela.
You've been the one making all the decisions for too long. Give someone else a chance.Llevas demasiado tiempo siendo el que toma todas las decisiones. Dale una oportunidad a otro.
2. (used to talk about temporary states)
a. haber estado
Everyone's been fed up with Greg's complaining.Todos han estado hartos de las quejas de Greg.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
(for specific time periods)
My friend has been in the United States for two years.Mi amigo lleva dos años en Estados Unidos.
You've been in the bathroom for 40 minutes! Come on!¡Llevas 40 minutos en el baño! ¡Vamos!
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
3. (used to talk about permanent qualities)
a. haber sido
This park has always been for the whole community. We can’t let them privatize it.Este parque siempre ha sido para toda la comunidad. No podemos dejar que lo privaticen.
4. (used to talk about temporary states)
a. haber estado
Where have you been all day? We’ve been looking for you.¿Dónde has estado todo el día? Te estábamos buscando.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
(for a specific time period)
Molly had been in Mexico for two years when she met Carlos.Molly llevaba dos años en México cuando conoció a Carlos.
The cat has been in the closet for 16 hours.El gato lleva 16 horas en el armario.
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