el franquismo (período) the Franco years; the Franco period; (política) the Franco system; bajo el franquismo under Franco; luchó contra el franquismo he fought against Franco
Franquismo is the term used to refer both to the years when General Francisco Franco was the dictator of Spain (from the end of the Guerra Civil in 1939 to his death in 1975) and to his style of government. He was an authoritarian, right-wing dictator whose political philosophy included imposing traditional Catholic values and making Spain self-sufficient economically. In the 1960s, after a long period of isolation, Spain began to open its doors to foreign investment and influence. On Franco's death, Spain became a democratic constitutional monarchy.