establishment

USAGE NOTE
This word is often capitalized in the sense shown in 4).
establishment(
ehs
-
tahb
-
lihsh
-
mihnt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
noun
1. (founding)
a. la fundación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
The Bretton Woods conference resulted in the establishment of the International Monetary Fund.La conferencia de Bretton Woods tuvo como resultado la fundación del Fondo Monetario Internacional.
b. la creación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
Prior to the establishment of the European Monetary System, each country had its own currency.Antes de la creación del Sistema Monetario Europeo, cada país tenía su propia moneda.
c. el establecimiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
The committee's task was the establishment of new guidelines for healthy eating.Las instrucciones del comité comprendían el establecimiento de nuevas pautas para una dieta sana.
2. (business or institution)
a. el establecimiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
This guide to hotels and restaurants provides detailed descriptions of each estabishment.Esta guía de hoteles y restaurantes trae una descripción detallada de cada establecimiento.
3. (verification)
a. la determinación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
This court is concerned only with the establishment of the facts relating to this case.A este tribunal le interesa solamente la determinación de los hechos relacionados con este caso.
4. (powerful social group)
a. la clase dirigente
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
Independent and creative thinkers often found themselves in conflict with the Establishment.Los pensadores independientes y creativos a menudo se encontraban en conflicto con la clase dirigente.
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establishment
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
Noun
1. (general)
a.
the Establishmentel sistema, el orden establecido
2. (hotel, restaurant)
a. el establecimiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
3. (of company)
a. la fundación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
4. (of reputation)
a. el establecimiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
5. (of fact)
a. la determinación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
establishment [ɪsˈtæblɪʃmənt]
noun
1 (setting-up) establecimiento (m); (creation) creación (f)
2 (proof) [of innocence, guilt] determinación (f)
3 (business, house) establecimiento (m)
a teaching/nursing establishment un centro de enseñanza/de reposo; they have a smaller establishment nowadays ahora mantienen una casa más modesta; tienen menos servicio ahora
4 (Admin) (Mil) (Náut) (personnel) personal (m)
to be on the establishment estar en plantilla
5
the Establishment la clase dirigente; the literary/musical Establishment las altas esferas del mundo literario/musical
En el Reino Unido el término Establishment hace referencia a la clase dirigente, es decir, al Gobierno, los altos cargos de la Administración pública, la Iglesia, las Fuerzas Armadas y a otras personas en puestos de influencia. Por lo general, se piensa que esta clase dirigente apoya el status quo tanto a nivel político como cultural o social.
En Estados Unidos, el Establishment se asocia sobre todo con Washington, donde se encuentra el gobierno federal, y en concreto con aquellos que estudiaron en universidades del noreste, especialmente Yale y Harvard.
note See culture box in entry ivy.
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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