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capital
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Listen to an audio pronunciation
Usage note
The meaning of "capital" changes depending on whether it is a masculine or a feminine noun.
capital(
kah
-
pee
-
tahl
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (main city)
a. capital
Viajamos a Berlín, la capital de Alemania.We traveled to Berlin, the capital of Germany.
b. provincial capital (of a province)
¿Cuál es la capital de la provincia de Córdoba?Which is the provincial capital of Cordova?
2. (center of an activity)
a. capital
En aquel tiempo, Roma era la capital del cine europeo.Back then, Rome was the capital of European cinema.
3. (letter)
a. capital
Los nombres de países se escriben con una capital inicial.Country names are written with initial capital letter.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
4. (finance)
a. capital
El inversor mayoritario de la empresa aportó más del 50 % del capital.The principal investor of the company put up more than 50% of the capital.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (important)
a. key
"La Gioconda" es una de las obras capitales de Leonardo da Vinci."La Gioconda" is one of Leonardo da Vinci's key works.
b. main
Cometió un error capital al dejar la universidad.He committed a main error leaving the university.
c. seminal
Tiene una influencia capital en los miembros del consejo de administración.He has a seminal influence over the members of the Board of Directors.
6. (mortal)
a. capital
Condenaron al asesino a la pena capital.The murderer was condemned to capital punishment.
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capital
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (importante)
a. supreme
2. (principal)
a. main
3. (religion)
a. deadly
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (econ & fin)
a. capital
capital circulante/fijo/socialworking/fixed/share capital
capital escrituradoshare capital capital stock
capital líquidoliquid assets
capital bajo riesgosum at risk
capital de riesgoventure capital, risk capital
capital socialshare capital
5. (ciudad)
a. capital
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
capital
adjective
1 (clave) [+nombre, personaje] key; [+rasgo] main
son nombres capitales en nuestro teatro musical las figuras capitales del arte contemporáneo
una figura capital de la democracia española a key figure in Spanish democracy; su obra capital es el Quijote his supreme work is Don Quixote; esta pregunta es de importancia capital this question is of paramount o cardinal o capital importance; esto tuvo una importancia capital en su vida this was of paramount o cardinal importance in his life
destacó la importancia capital de este nuevo laboratorio este encuentro tiene una importancia capital para las relaciones entre los dos países un motivo de importancia capital
los puntos capitales de su discurso the cardinal o main points of her speech; la ciudad capital the capital city
2 (mortal)
pecado capital mortal sin; la pena capital capital punishment
3 (Latinoamérica)
letra capital capital letter
(Economía) [de empresa] capital; [de persona] capital; money
la empresa ha ampliado el capital the company has increased its capital
invirtió todo su capital en su país
capital activo working capital
capital en acciones share capital; equity capital
capital extranjero
la entrada de capital extranjero the inflow of foreign capital; han vendido la empresa al capital extranjero they have sold the company to foreign capital o investors
capital fijo fixed capital
capital flotante floating capital
capital humano human resources
plural
; (p)
capital privado private capital
una empresa en manos del capital privado
capital riesgo risk capital; venture capital
elevaron el capital social de la cadena de televisión a 12.500 millones. esta operación afecta a un total de 631.442 acciones,el 4,09% del capital social de la entidad
1 [de país] capital (city); [de provincia] main city; provincial capital
soy de Málaga capital I am from the city of Málaga as opposed to the province; (as opposed to the province) Praga, la capital europea de la cerveza Prague, the beer capital of Europe
2 (Tipografía) decorated initial capital
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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