Spanish to English


A prefix is an affix that is added to the beginning of a word to create a new word with a different meaning (e.g. auto, pre).
1. (used to express the reversal of an action)
a. un-
José se desabotonó la camisa porque hacía mucho calor.Jose unbuttoned his shirt because it was really hot.
b. de-
El especialista logró desactivar la bomba.The specialist deactivated the bomb successfully.
c. dis-
Dos atletas fueron descalificados por usar esteroides.Two athletes were disqualified for using steroids.
d. mis-
Tuvimos un desacierto y perdimos muchísimo dinero.We had a miscalculation and lost a lot of money.
2. (lack of)
a. un-
Desafortunadamente ya se vendieron todas las entradas.Unfortunately the show is sold out.
b. dis-
Aunque tenemos algunos desacuerdos, dentro de todo nos llevamos bien.Although we have some disagreements, all in all we get along well.
3. (out of)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
El baterista está tocando a destiempo.The drummer is playing off tempo.
El río se desbordó y toda la ciudad está bajo agua.The river flooded and the whole city is under water.
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de...; des...; un...; dis...
descolonización decolonization; desmilitarizado demilitarized; desempleo unemployment; desfavorable unfavourable; desgana unwillingness; desalentador discouraging
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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