Spanish to English

catalán

catalán(
kah
-
tah
-
lahn
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
masculine noun
1. (language)
a. Catalan
Hablo catalán porque nací y crecí en Barcelona.I speak Catalan because I was born and raised in Barcelona.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
masculine or feminine noun
2. (person from Catalonia)
a. Catalan
Los catalanes pronuncian la letra ele de forma muy marcada.Catalans have a marked pronunciation of the letter L.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
adjective
3. (of Catalan origin)
a. Catalan
Mi novio es catalán y yo soy andaluza.My boyfriend is Catalan and I am Andalusian.
b. Catalonian
Aunque mi madre es catalana, yo no sé hablar catalán.Although my mother is Catalonian, I can't speak Catalan.
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catalán, -ana
adjective & masculine or feminine noun
1. Catalan, Catalonian
masculine noun
2. Catalan (lengua)
CATALÁN Catalan is one of several official languages in Spain in addition to Castilian Spanish. Like Spanish (“castellano”) and Galician (“gallego”) it developed from late Latin. It is spoken by about six million people in Catalonia in northeastern Spain. Close relatives of Catalan are spoken in the Balearic Islands (“mallorquín”) and the Valencian region (“valenciano”), though whether they are dialects of Catalan or separate languages remains an issue of political as much as linguistic controversy. Catalonia's economic development in the latter part of the 19th century encouraged a renaissance in the use of the language as a literary medium. During Franco's dictatorship (1939-75), Catalan was effectively banned for official purposes, but it continued to be used in everyday life as well as in literature. Since the return of democracy, Catalonia's regional government has promoted Catalan as the official language for use in education and public administration.
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
catalánana catalana
adjective
Catalan; Catalonian
(Lingüística) Catalan
Catalan is a romance language whose earliest literature dates back to the 12th century. In the Middle Ages Catalan military expansion spread the use of the language beyond modern Catalonia, but following the unification of Castile and Aragon the language lost ground to Castilian. During the Franco régime the use of Catalan and other minority national languages was prohibited in the media and in public institutions. This, together with the influx of Castilian-speaking immigrants, posed a threat to the survival of the language. Since 1979, when Catalonia's autonomous government, the Generalitat, was re-established and Catalan gained lengua cooficial status, the language has returned to public life in Catalonia and is flourishing. Indeed, many Catalan authors publish first in Catalan and only later in Castilian. Outside Catalonia, Catalan is also spoken by large numbers of people in the Balearic Islands and Andorra. Valenciano, a language spoken in the Valencia region, is closely related.
note See culture box in entry lengua.
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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