An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (not present)
a. absent
Marcos estuvo ausente de clases hoy.Marcos was absent from school today.
2. (mentally absent)
a. distracted
Parece que está ausente. Tal vez por eso no me contesta.It looks like she's distracted. Maybe that's why she's not answering me.
b. daydreaming
Ya te lo expliqué, pero como estás ausente todavía no lo has captado.I already explained it to you, but since you're daydreaming you still haven't got it.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
masculine or feminine noun
3. (someone not present)
a. absentee
Hay que reducir el porcentaje de ausentes en nuestra escuela.We need to reduce the percentage of absentees in our school.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Dijo que no era necesario tomar en cuenta a los ausentes.He said it wasn't necessary to consider those who were not present.
Hay que tener en cuenta siempre nuestros camaradas ausentes.We must always remember our brothers-in-arms who are no longer with us.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (no presente)
a. absent
estará ausente todo el díahe'll be away all day
2. (distraído)
a. absent-minded
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (no presente)
hay varios ausentesthere are a number of absentees
criticó a los ausentesshe criticized the people who weren't there
4. (law)
a. missing person
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
1 (físicamente) absent;de from
estar ausente de to be absent from; be missing from; estar ausente de su casa to be away from home
2 (mentalmente) daydreaming
(Escol) etc absentee; (Jur) missing person;
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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