An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (scared)
a. tener miedo
I'm afraid of bats.Le tengo miedo a los murciélagos.
b. dar miedo
He’s afraid of meeting new girls.Le da miedo conocer a chicas nuevas.
c. temer
I'm afraid of how she'll react.Temo su reacción.
2. (expressing apology or regret)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Did he get the job? - I'm afraid not.¿Consiguió el trabajo? - Me temo que no.
I’m afraid he's away at the moment.Lo siento. En este momento está de viaje.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (scared)
to be afraidtener miedo
I'm afraid of himme da miedo
I'm afraid of dogstengo miedo a los perros
I'm afraid of making a mistaketengo miedo de equivocarme
that's exactly what I was afraid of!¡eso es precisamente lo que me temía!
I was afraid there would be an accidenttemía que ocurriera un accidente
2. (sorry)
I'm afraid so/notme temo que sí/no
I'm afraid she's outme temo que ha salido
I'm afraid I can't help youlo siento, no puedo ayudarle
afraid [əˈfreɪd]
1 (frightened)
to be afraid tener miedo; don't be afraid no tengas miedo; I was afraid that nobody would believe me tenía miedo de que nadie me creyera; temía que nadie me creyera
to be afraid to do sth
I was afraid to ask me daba miedo preguntar; tenía miedo de preguntar
to be afraid for sb temer por algn
to be afraid for sb's life temer por la vida de algn
she suddenly looked afraid de repente parecía asustada
to be afraid of sth/sb tener miedo de algo/a algn; temer algo/a algn (formal)
they're afraid of you te tienen miedo; he was afraid of losing his job tenía miedo de perder su trabajo; temía perder su trabajo (formal); she's afraid of flying le da miedo volar; I'm afraid of dogs los perros me dan miedo; les tengo miedo a los perros; you have nothing to be afraid of no tienes nada que temer; he's not afraid of hard work el trabajo duro no le asusta; I was afraid of that me lo temía
she was afraid of offending anyone
to be afraid of one's own shadow tener miedo hasta de su propia sombra
2 (sorry)
I'm afraid he's out lo siento, pero no está; it's a bit stuffy in here, I'm afraid me temo que el aire aquí dentro está muy cargado
my car is not available, I'm afraid I'm afraid I have to go now
I'm afraid not me temo que no; no, lo siento
I'm afraid so me temo que sí; sí, lo siento
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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