An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (artificial)
a. affected
Al tratar de disimular su acento regional, habló en un inglés algo afectado.In trying to conceal his regional accent, he spoke in rather affected English.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
masculine or feminine noun
2. (affected party)
a. victim
Tras el terremoto en Nepal, estamos recaudando fondos para ayudar a los afectados.After the earthquake in Nepal, we're collecting money to help the victims.
b. person affected
La urbanización de este terreno comenzará en mayo y se realojará a los afectados.The development of the land will begin in May and the people affected will be rehoused.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (amanerado)
a. affected
2. (afligido)
a. upset, badly affected
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (general)
a. victim
los afectados por las inundaciones serán indemnizadosthe people affected by the floods will receive compensation
1 (forzado) [+acento, persona] affected; [+estilo] stilted; precious
2 (Med) (aquejado)
estar afectado del corazón to have heart trouble; estar afectado (México) to be consumptive; (S. Cone) to be hurt
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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