A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
a. to pave
Acaban de acerar las aceras y aún no están secos.They have just paved the sidewalks and they aren't yet dry.
a. to coat in steel
Para hacer más resistente la parte metálica, vamos a acerarla.In order to strengthen the metallic part, we're going to coat it in steel.
3. (to harden)
a. to toughen
Mi padre me envió a la escuela militar para acerar mi naturaleza.My father sent me to military school to toughen me up.
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A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to harden oneself)
a. to toughen oneself
Si queríamos sobrevivir a la guerra, teníamos que acerarnos.If we were to survive the war, we had to toughen ourselves.
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