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A prefix is an affix that is added to the beginning of a word to create a new word with a different meaning (e.g. auto, pre).
1. (used to express the reversal of an action)
José se desabotonó la camisa porque hacía mucho calor.Jose unbuttoned his shirt because it was really hot.
El especialista logró desactivar la bomba.The specialist deactivated the bomb successfully.
Dos atletas fueron descalificados por usar esteroides.Two athletes were disqualified for using steroids.
Tuvimos un desacierto y perdimos muchísimo dinero.We had a miscalculation and lost a lot of money.
2. (lack of)
3. (out of)
no direct translation
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
El baterista está tocando a destiempo.The drummer is playing off tempo.
El río se desbordó y toda la ciudad está bajo agua.The river flooded and the whole city is under water.
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