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Quick answer
"Zarcillo" is a noun which is often translated as "earring", and "pendiente" is an adjective which is often translated as "pending". Learn more about the difference between "zarcillo" and "pendiente" below.
zarcillo(
sahr
-
see
-
yoh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (jewelry)
a. earring
No puedo usar zarcillos porque no tengo las orejas perforadas.I can't wear earrings because I don't have my ears pierced.
2. (botany)
a. tendril
La planta trepadora se prende a la cerca por medio de zarcillos.The climbing plant uses tendrils to hold onto the fence.
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pendiente(
pehn
-
dyehn
-
teh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (unresolved)
a. pending
Todavía tenemos muchos asuntos pendientes.We still have many issues pending.
2. (not yet paid)
a. outstanding
Tienen una deuda pendiente conmigo.They have an outstanding debt with me.
3. (attentive)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Estaban pendientes de noticias del pueblo después del tornado.They were waiting on news from the town after the tornado.
Estaremos pendientes de tu hijo.We'll keep an eye on your son.
4. (inclined)
a. sloping
La casa está sobre un terreno pendiente.The house is on sloping ground.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
5. (inclined surface)
a. slope
Subimos la pendiente en bicicleta.We cycled up the slope.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
6. (jewelry)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. earring
Le voy a regalar a mi mamá unos pendientes hermosos.I'm going to give my mom a pair of beautiful earrings.
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