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Quick answer
"Zócalo" is a noun which is often translated as "baseboard", and "plaza mayor" is a noun which is often translated as "main square". Learn more about the difference between "zócalo" and "plaza mayor" below.
zócalo(
soh
-
kah
-
loh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (mopboard)
a. baseboard
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Voy a pintar las paredes de azul y el zócalo de blanco.I'll paint the walls blue and the baseboard white.
b. skirting board (United Kingdom)
La unión entre la pared y el piso quedará oculta bajo el zócalo.The joint formed by the wall and the floor will be covered with a skirting board.
2. (pedestal)
a. base
Dos vándalos tumbaron la estatua y pintaron el zócalo con aerosol.Two vandals toppled the statue and spray-painted the base.
b. plinth
El busto de cerámica fue colocado sobre un zócalo.The ceramic bust was placed on a plinth.
3. (public space)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. main square
No pudimos ir a la feria de arte en el zócalo porque llovió.We couldn't visit the art fair at the main square because it rained.
Zócalo
A proper noun refers to the name of a person, place, or thing.
proper noun
4. (main square)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. Zocalo
El desfile del Día de los Muertos atrajo miles de personas al Zócalo.The Day of the Dead parade attracted thousands of people to the Zocalo.
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plaza mayor(
plah
-
sah
 
mah
-
yohr
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (square space)
a. main square
Pasamos la tarde paseando en la plaza mayor del pueblo.We spent the afternoon walking around the town's main square.
Plaza Mayor
A proper noun refers to the name of a person, place, or thing.
proper noun
2. (square in Madrid)
a. Plaza Mayor
Reservamos un hotel en Madrid, cerca de Plaza Mayor.We booked a hotel in Madrid, close to Plaza Mayor.
b. Main Square
Raúl encontró una excelente tienda de sombreros en la Plaza Mayor.Raul found a great hat shop in the Main Square.
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