Quick answer
"Wind up" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "dar cuerda", and "wind down" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "relajarse". Learn more about the difference between "wind up" and "wind down" below.
wind up
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (power by winding)
a. dar cuerda
The repairman wound up the grandfather clock to make sure it was working.El técnico le dio cuerda al reloj de péndulo para asegurarse de que funcionara.
2. (bring to a close)
a. concluir
The CEO was in a rush, so she wound up the conference ten minutes early.La directora general tenía prisa, así que concluyó la conferencia diez minutos antes.
b. cerrar
We wound up the convention with a speech from the event organizers.Cerramos la convención con un discurso de los organizadores del evento.
3.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to annoy) (United Kingdom)
a. tomar el pelo a
Leave me alone and stop winding me up.Déjame solo y deja de tomarme el pelo.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
4. (to end up)
a. terminar
After that last fight, Danny and Nicolas wound up not talking to each other.Después de esa última pelea, Danny y Nicolás terminaron no hablándose.
b. acabar
After months of debating, Tatiana wound up going to her first-choice college.Después de meses de pensar, Tatiana acabó asistiendo a su primera opción de universidad.
5. (to bring to an end)
a. concluir
The emcee wound up by thanking everybody in attendance for coming.El presentador concluyó agradaciendoles a todos los presentes por venir.
6. (commerce)
a. liquidar
If the company loses any more money this year, we will have no choice but to wind it up.Si la empresa pierde más dinero este año, no tendremos otra opción que liquidarlo.
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wind down
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to relax)
a. relajarse
I like to wind down with a bubble bath.Me gusta relajarme con un baño de espuma.
2. (to run out of power)
a. pararse
It's an old-fashioned clock that winds down once a week.Es un reloj antiguo que se para una vez por semana.
3. (to draw to a close)
a. reducirse
Sales are winding down for the end of the year.Las ventas se están reduciendo al aproximarse el fin del año.
b. ir concluyendo
It's 1 am and the celebration is winding down.Es la 1 am y la celebración va concluyendo.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
4. (to draw to a close)
a. reducir paulatinamente
The elections are in two days, so we're winding down the campaign.Las elecciones son en dos días, así que estamos reduciendo la campaña paulatinamente.
5. (to lower something)
a. bajar
Would you please wind down the window? I want to feel the breeze.¿Podrías bajar la ventana, por favor? Quiero sentir la brisa.
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