Quick answer
"Whom" is a pronoun which is often translated as "quien", and "that" is a conjunction which is often translated as "que". Learn more about the difference between "whom" and "that" below.
whom(
hum
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (relative)
a. quien (singular)
So this is the new boyfriend about whom I've heard so much.Así que éste es el nuevo novio de quien he oído tanto.
b. quienes (plural)
These are the people with whom you've been communicating via email.Estas son las personas con quienes te has estado comunicando por correo electrónico.
c. que
The man whom I saw was riding a unicycle.El hombre que vi andaba en un monociclo.
2. (in questions)
a. quién
Whom do you like more? The tall one or the short one?¿Quién te gusta más? ¿El alto o el bajo?
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that(
thaht
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to introduce a subordinate clause)
a. que
She said that she wanted to sleep.Dijo que quería dormir.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (used to introduce a relative clause)
a. que
The dress that you saw yesterday was mine.El vestido que viste ayer era mío.
3. (demonstrative)
a. eso (neuter)
Bring me that.Tráeme eso.
b. ese (masculine)
That is my ball.Ese es mi balón.
c. esa (feminine)
That is my apple.Esa es mi manzana.
d. aquello (neuter)
Bring me that over there.Tráeme aquello de allá.
e. aquel (masculine)
That over there is my ball.Aquel de allá es mi balón.
f. aquella (feminine)
That over there is my apple.Aquella de allá es mi manzana.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (demonstrative)
a. ese (masculine)
That man is my father.Ese hombre es mi padre.
b. esa (feminine)
That woman is my mother.Esa mujer es mi madre.
c. aquel (masculine)
That man over there is my father.Aquel hombre de allá es mi padre.
d. aquella (feminine)
That woman over there is my mother.Aquella mujer de allá es mi madre.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (very)
a. tan
Big Ben is not that tall.La torre del Big Ben no es tan alta.
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