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Quick answer
"Who" is a pronoun which is often translated as "quién", and "how" is an adverb which is often translated as "cómo". Learn more about the difference between "who" and "how" below.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (interrogative)
a. quién
Hello? Who is calling?¿Hola? ¿Quién llama?
I don't know who he is, but he looks a lot like my brother.No sé quién es, pero se parece mucho a mi hermano.
2. (relative)
a. quien
My father, who is 60 years old, won a tennis tournament.Mi padre, quien tiene 60 años, ganó un torneo de tenis.
b. que
My friend is the one who has a date tonight.Mi amigo es el que tiene una cita esta noche.
An abbreviation is the shortened form of a word or group of words (e.g. "UFO" = "unidentified flying object"; "p." = "page").
3. (World Health Organization)
a. OMS
Breast milk has many benefits. According to the WHO, exclusive breastfeeding is the best option during the first six months of life.La leche materna tiene muchos beneficios. Según la OMS, el amamantamiento exclusivo es la mejor opción durante los primeros seis meses de vida.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (manner)
a. cómo
How did you get here so quickly?¿Cómo llegaste tan rápido?
I don't know how to do this.No sé cómo hacer esto.
b. de qué manera
How did you put together the machine?¿De qué manera armaste la máquina?
2. (degree)
a. cuán
How tall is he?¿Cuán alto es?
It doesn't matter how talented you are; you must practice.No importa cuán talentoso seas; tienes que practicar.
b. qué tan
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
How sick is he?¿Qué tan enfermo está?
I don't know how tall he is.No sé qué tan alto es.
3. (state)
a. cómo
How is your grandmother today?¿Cómo está tu abuela hoy?
b. qué tal
How's the water?¿Qué tal el agua?
4. (in exclamations)
a. qué
How impressive!¡Qué impresionante!
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
5. (the way)
a. como
You can make the lasagna how you like. I trust you. I know you're a very good cook.Puedes hacer la lasaña como quieras. Confío en ti. Sé que eres muy buen cocinero.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (way)
a. el cómo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
If you don't know why, the how doesn't matter.Si no sabes por qué, el cómo no importa.
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