Quick answer
"Which" is a pronoun which is often translated as "cuál", and "that" is a conjunction which is often translated as "que". Learn more about the difference between "which" and "that" below.
which(
wihch
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (in questions)
a. cuál
Which are the classes that interest you this semester?¿Cuáles son las clases que te interesan este semestre?
Which do you prefer? The pasta or the salad?¿Cuál prefieres? ¿La pasta o la ensalada?
2. (in relative clauses)
a. que
The invitation, which was mailed to you, is for our wedding.La invitación, que se te mandó, es para nuestra boda.
b. el cual
The village has a castle, which dates from the 12th century.El pueblo tiene un castillo, el cual data del siglo XII.
c. la cual
The actor's house, which is on top of a hill, has a wonderful view of LA.La casa del actor, la cual está en lo alto de una colina, tiene unas vistas maravillosas de Los Ángeles.
d. lo cual
She didn't support me when I needed her, which made me realize that she wasn't a real friend.No me apoyó cuando la necesité, lo cual me hizo pensar que no era una amiga de verdad.
e. los cuales
There are several books on the subject, which are available in the library.Existen varios libros sobre el tema, los cuales están disponibles en la biblioteca.
f. las cuales
He explained it using some scientific words, which I have forgotten.Lo explicó con unas palabras científicas, las cuales no recuerdo.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (in questions)
a. qué
Which type of food do you want to serve at the party?¿Qué tipo de comida quieres servir en la fiesta?
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that(
thaht
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to introduce a subordinate clause)
a. que
She said that she wanted to sleep.Dijo que quería dormir.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (used to introduce a relative clause)
a. que
The dress that you saw yesterday was mine.El vestido que viste ayer era mío.
3. (demonstrative)
a. eso (neuter)
Bring me that.Tráeme eso.
b. ese (masculine)
That is my ball.Ese es mi balón.
c. esa (feminine)
That is my apple.Esa es mi manzana.
d. aquello (neuter)
Bring me that over there.Tráeme aquello de allá.
e. aquel (masculine)
That over there is my ball.Aquel de allá es mi balón.
f. aquella (feminine)
That over there is my apple.Aquella de allá es mi manzana.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (demonstrative)
a. ese (masculine)
That man is my father.Ese hombre es mi padre.
b. esa (feminine)
That woman is my mother.Esa mujer es mi madre.
c. aquel (masculine)
That man over there is my father.Aquel hombre de allá es mi padre.
d. aquella (feminine)
That woman over there is my mother.Aquella mujer de allá es mi madre.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (very)
a. tan
Big Ben is not that tall.La torre del Big Ben no es tan alta.
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