Quick answer
"Which" is a pronoun which is often translated as "cuál", and "if any" is a phrase which is often translated as "si alguno". Learn more about the difference between "which" and "if any" below.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (in questions)
a. cuál
Which are the classes that interest you this semester?¿Cuáles son las clases que te interesan este semestre?
Which do you prefer? The pasta or the salad?¿Cuál prefieres? ¿La pasta o la ensalada?
2. (in relative clauses)
a. que
The invitation, which was mailed to you, is for our wedding.La invitación, que se te mandó, es para nuestra boda.
b. el cual
The village has a castle, which dates from the 12th century.El pueblo tiene un castillo, el cual data del siglo XII.
c. la cual
The actor's house, which is on top of a hill, has a wonderful view of LA.La casa del actor, la cual está en lo alto de una colina, tiene unas vistas maravillosas de Los Ángeles.
d. lo cual
She didn't support me when I needed her, which made me realize that she wasn't a real friend.No me apoyó cuando la necesité, lo cual me hizo pensar que no era una amiga de verdad.
e. los cuales
There are several books on the subject, which are available in the library.Existen varios libros sobre el tema, los cuales están disponibles en la biblioteca.
f. las cuales
He explained it using some scientific words, which I have forgotten.Lo explicó con unas palabras científicas, las cuales no recuerdo.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (in questions)
a. qué
Which type of food do you want to serve at the party?¿Qué tipo de comida quieres servir en la fiesta?
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if any
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (used in conditionals)
a. si alguno
If any of you see this man, arrest him immediately.Si alguno de ustedes ve a este hombre, deténgalo inmediatamente.
2. (probably none)
a. acaso ninguno
Few, if any of our soldiers have previous experience.Pocos, acaso ninguno, de nuestros soldados tienen experiencia previa.
b. quizá ninguno
It seems like you invested little, if any effort into your essay.Parece que dedicaste poco esfuerzo, quizá ninguno, a tu ensayo.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
For someone so rich, he donates little, if any money to charitable organizations.Para alguien tan rico, dona poco, si es que dona algo, a organizaciones benéficas.
There are few, if any paved roads in this part of the country.Hay pocas, si es que las hay, carreteras pavimentadas en esta parte del país.
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