Quick answer
"What" is a pronoun which is often translated as "qué", and "exactly" is an adverb which is often translated as "exactamente". Learn more about the difference between "what" and "exactly" below.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (in questions)
a. qué
What do you want me to do?¿Qué quieres que haga?
b. cuál
What was the reason for Jim's departure?¿Cuál fue la razón por la que se fuera Jim?
c. cómo
What's the weather like where you are?¿Cómo está el tiempo donde estás tú?
What's their house like?¿Cómo es su casa?
2. (in relative clauses)
a. lo que
He smoked what he had left in the pipe.Se fumó lo que le quedaba en la pipa.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (in questions)
a. qué
What movie did you want to see?¿Qué película querías ver?
4. (in exclamations)
a. qué
What a nice day!¡Qué bonito día!
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
5. (used to express surprise)
a. qué
What? That can't be true!¿Qué? ¡No puede ser verdad!
6. (not understanding)
a. qué
What? Speak louder, please.¿Qué? Hable más alto, por favor.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (accurately)
a. exactamente
The map showed exactly where the treasure was.El mapa mostraba exactamente dónde estaba el tesoro.
b. con precisión
The thermometer gives exactly the right temperature.El termómetro da la temperatura correcta con precisión.
2. (as an answer)
a. exactamente
Are you a translator? - Not exactly. I am a linguist.¿Es usted traductor? - No exactamente. Soy lingüista.
b. exacto
And that's why you're angry? - Exactly!¿Y por eso estás enojada? - ¡Exacto!
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