Quick answer
"Both" is a pronoun which is often translated as "ambos", and "each" is an adjective which is often translated as "cada". Learn more about the difference between "both" and "each" below.
both(
both
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (the one and the other)
a. ambos (masculine)
My best friends are from Chile. Both live in Santiago.Mis mejores amigos son de Chile. Ambos viven en Santiago.
b. ambas (feminine)
How did your daughters do on the test? - Both got good grades.¿Cómo le fue a tus hijas en el examen? - Ambas sacaron buenas notas.
c. los dos (masculine)
Which dress should I buy? Both fit me really well.¿Cuál vestido debería comprar? Los dos me quedan muy bien.
d. las dos (feminine)
Which house are you going to buy? Both are in very good neighborhoods.¿Cuál de las casas vas a comprar? Las dos están en vecindarios muy buenos.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (the one and the other)
a. ambos
Should we visit Barcelona, or Paris? Both cities are beautiful.¿Deberíamos visitar Barcelona, o París? Ambas ciudades son bellas.
b. los dos
Both hotels offered the same services.Los dos hoteles ofrecían los mismos servicios.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
3. (equally; used with "and")
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Both my sister and my friend live abroad.Tanto mi hermana como mi amiga viven en el extranjero.
I love both my mother and father.Quiero a mi madre y a mi padre por igual.
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each(
ich
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (every)
a. cada
Each day brings us a new challenge.Cada día nos trae un reto nuevo.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (every one)
a. cada uno (masculine)
Each of the boys received a prize.Cada uno de los chicos recibió un premio.
b. cada una (feminine)
Each of us was given three tasks to complete.A cada una de nosotras nos dieron tres tareas para hacer.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (per unit)
a. cada uno
The watermelons cost four dollars each.Las sandías cuestan cuatro dólares cada una.
4. (per person)
a. cada uno
Grandpa always used to give us fifty dollars each.El abuelo siempre nos daba cincuenta dólares a cada uno.
b. por persona
The insurance company offered them $50,000 each.La aseguradora les ofreció $50,000 por persona.
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