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"Upward" is an adjective which is often translated as "hacia arriba", and "downward" is an adverb which is often translated as "hacia abajo". Learn more about the difference between "upward" and "downward" below.
upward(
uhp
-
wuhrd
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (ascending)
a. hacia arriba
A big drop in supply has put upward pressure on prices.Una gran caída de la oferta ha ejercido una presión hacia arriba en los precios.
b. ascendente
There has been un upward spiral of executive pay while entry level pay has stagnated.Ha habido una espiral ascendente de pago a los ejecutivos mientras que los salarios de los subalternos se han estancado.
c. al alza
Coffee has recently shown an upward tendency in the commodities market.El café ha mostrado recientemente una tendencia al alza en el mercado de las materias primas.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
2. (with numbers)
a. más
I spent upward of eight hours writing code and I've only completed 16 lines of code.Pasé más de ocho horas escribiendo código y solo he completado 16 líneas.
3. (up)
a. hacia arriba
She looked upward, searching for Mars in the night sky.Miró hacia arriba en busca de Marte en el cielo nocturno.
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downward(
daun
-
wuhrd
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (from a higher to a lower position)
a. hacia abajo
As you go downward into the valley, the air pressure should rise.A medida que vas hacia abajo en el valle, la presión del aire debe elevarse.
2. (from a higher to a lower level)
a. para abajo
All the employees, from the CEO downward, will be present at the event.Todos los empleados, del director general para abajo, estarán presentes en el evento.
Everyone involved, from the president downward, will be subject to a thorough investigation.Todos los involucrados, incluso el presidente, será investigados exhaustivamente.
3. (to a smaller amount)
a. a la baja
The budget was revised downward, so the project will have to be modified.Revisaron el presupuesto a la baja, de modo que será necesario modificar el proyecto.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (moving to a lower place)
a. descendente
His recent breakup quickened his downward spiral into depression.Su reciente separación aceleró su espiral descendente hacia la depresión.
b. hacia abajo
I felt a downward pressure at the end of my pregnancy.Sentía una presión hacia abajo al final de mi embarazo.
c. cuesta abajo
Ever since his drug scandal, the politician's career has been on a downward trajectory.Desde el escándalo por narcotráfico, la carrera del política ha seguido una trayectoria cuesta abajo.
d. a la baja (trend)
The budget report indicated a downward trend in our profits over the last quarter.El informe del presupuesto indicó una tendencia a la baja en nuestras ganancias durante el último trimestre.
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