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Quick answer
"Upper" is an adjective which is often translated as "superior", and "lower case" is a noun which is often translated as "la minúscula". Learn more about the difference between "upper" and "lower case" below.
upper(
uh
-
puhr
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (spatially and numerically)
a. superior
Ozone has become depleted in the upper atmosphere.El ozono ha disminuido en la atmósfera superior.
b. más alto
We hiked across the upper slopes to a mountain cabin.Hicimos una caminata por las laderas más altas a una cabaña de montaña.
c. de arriba
Cristina lives on the upper floor.Cristina vive en el piso de arriba.
d. máximo
The upper limit for storage space has been exceeded.El límite máximo del espacio de almacenamiento se ha superado.
e.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
In the US, individuals that make up the upper income range are capitalists and entrepreneurs.En los EE. UU., las personas que conforman el nivel de ingresos más alto son capitalistas y empresarios.
Juan, a millionaire, is in the upper tax bracket.Juan, un millonario, está en la banda impositiva más elevada.
2. (in importance)
a. superior
She started out washing dishes 20 years ago, and now she works in upper management.Comenzó lavando platos hace 20 años, y ahora trabaja en la gerencia superior.
b. alto
The committee sent the bill to the upper chamber for a vote.El comité envió la propuesta de ley a la cámara alta para su votación.
3. (upstream)
a. alto
The upper Nile flows through South Sudan.El alto Nilo fluye a través de Sudán del Sur.
4. (northern)
a. del norte
The upper peninsula of Michigan is separated from the rest of the state by Lake Michigan.La península del norte de Michigan está separada del resto del estado por el lago Michigan.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
(drug)
a. la anfeta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
Taylor overdosed on uppers and almost died.Taylor tomó una sobredosis de anfetas y casi se muere.
6. (footwear)
a. el empeine
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The uppers on my shoes are still in good condition, even thought the soles have worn out.Los empeines de mis zapatos todavía están en buenas condiciones, a pesar de que las suelas se han desgastado.
uppers
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
7. (teeth)
a. la dentadura superior
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You are going to need braces on your uppers, but the lowers are fine.Vas a necesitar frenos en la dentadura superior, pero la dentadura inferior está bien.
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lower case(
lo
-
uhr
 
keys
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (general)
a. la minúscula
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Mack wrote the first draft all in upper case, so the editor converted all the text to lower case.Mack escribió el primer borrador todo en mayúscula, por lo que el editor convirtió todo el texto a minúscula.
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