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Quick answer
"Uno" is an adjective which is often translated as "one", and "ninguno" is a pronoun which is often translated as "no one". Learn more about the difference between "uno" and "ninguno" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (numeral or indefinite)
a. one
Me queda solo un dulce.I've only got one candy left.
Necesitamos una moneda más para completar el conjunto.We need one more coin to complete the set.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (number)
a. one
Elige un número del uno al diez.Choose a number between one and ten.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
3. (numeral or indefinite)
a. one
¿Cuántas monedas necesitas? - Solo una.How many coins do you need? - Just one.
Compré uno para mí y otro para ti.I bought one for me and another for you.
4. (impersonal use)
a. one
Uno puede ganar mucho dinero al invertir.One can make a lot of money by investing.
b. you
Uno nunca sabe lo que puede salir de ahí.You never know what may come of it.
5. (unspecified person)
a. someone
Uno tocó el timbre, pero no respondí.Someone rang the doorbell, but I didn't answer.
b. somebody
Hablé con uno que sabe mucho acerca de la situación.I talked with somebody who knows a lot about the situation.
c. some (plural)
¿Todos los alumnos llegaron a tiempo? - Unos llegaron temprano y otros tarde.Did all the students arrive on time? - Some arrived early and others arrived late.
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A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (no person)
a. no one
Ninguno puede cantar como ella.No one can sing like she does.
b. nobody
Ninguno es digno de tu amor.Nobody is worthy of your love.
c. none
Le dije que limpiara los cuadros, pero no limpió ninguno.I told her to clean the paintings, but she cleaned none.
2. (between two people)
a. neither (in affirmative clauses)
Ninguno de los dos va a cambiar.Neither of the two is going to change.
b. either (in negative clauses)
El sitio web no aceptó ninguno de los dos usuarios.The site didn't accept either of the two users.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (not any)
a. none of (in affirmative clauses)
Ningún maestro lleva lonchera a la escuela.None of the teachers takes a lunch box to school.
b. any (in negative clauses)
No estaba al corriente de ninguna noticia mala sobre el gobernador.I was not aware of any negative news about the governor.
4. (not one)
a. no (in affirmative clauses)
No se asignó ninguna tarea por los maestros.No tasks were assigned by the teachers.
b. any (in negative clauses)
El juez no puede tomar ninguna decisión hasta que vea la evidencia.The judge cannot make any decision until he sees the evidence.
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