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Quick answer
"Uno" is an adjective which is often translated as "one", and "medio" is an adjective which is often translated as "half". Learn more about the difference between "uno" and "medio" below.
uno(
oo
-
noh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (numeral or indefinite)
a. one
Me queda solo un dulce.I've only got one candy left.
Necesitamos una moneda más para completar el conjunto.We need one more coin to complete the set.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (number)
a. one
Elige un número del uno al diez.Choose a number between one and ten.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
3. (numeral or indefinite)
a. one
¿Cuántas monedas necesitas? - Solo una.How many coins do you need? - Just one.
Compré uno para mí y otro para ti.I bought one for me and another for you.
4. (impersonal use)
a. one
Uno puede ganar mucho dinero al invertir.One can make a lot of money by investing.
b. you
Uno nunca sabe lo que puede salir de ahí.You never know what may come of it.
5. (unspecified person)
a. someone
Uno tocó el timbre, pero no respondí.Someone rang the doorbell, but I didn't answer.
b. somebody
Hablé con uno que sabe mucho acerca de la situación.I talked with somebody who knows a lot about the situation.
c. some (plural)
¿Todos los alumnos llegaron a tiempo? - Unos llegaron temprano y otros tarde.Did all the students arrive on time? - Some arrived early and others arrived late.
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medio(
meh
-
dyoh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (fifty percent of)
a. half
Dame media sandía, por favor.Give me half a watermelon, please.
2. (ordinary)
a. average
El perro medio requiere por lo menos 60 minutos de actividad física al día.The average dog requires at least 60 minutes of physical activity per day.
3. (intermediate)
a. middle
Nos podemos ver en algún punto medio.We can meet somewhere in the middle.
4. (socioeconomic class)
a. middle
No somos ricos, pero sí somos de clase media alta.We're not rich, but we are upper middle class.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (partly)
a. half
Por fin llegamos a la casa, medio congelados por el frío.We finally arrived at the house, half-frozen from the cold.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
6. (center)
a. middle
Se encontraron en el medio del parque.They met up in the middle of the park.
7. (method)
a. means (plural)
El profesor prefiere el correo electrónico como medio de comunicación.My teacher prefers email as a means of communication.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
8. (soccer)
a. midfielder
Los medios tienen que circular el balón mejor si quieren ganar este partido.The midfielders have to pass the ball better if they want to win this match.
medios
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
9. (means of mass communication)
a. media
Los medios tienen un muy corto periodo de atención.The media has a very short attention span.
10. (resources)
a. means
La empresa no tiene los medios financieros para sacarse de esta situación.The company doesn't have the financial means to get out of this situation.
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