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Quick answer
"Una" is a noun which is often translated as "one", and "grande" is an adjective which is often translated as "big". Learn more about the difference between "una" and "grande" below.
una(
oo
-
nah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (time)
a. one
Es la una de la tarde.It's one in the afternoon.
b. one o'clock
Tengo una cita a la una.I have an appointment at one o'clock.
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grande(
grahn
-
deh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (size)
a. big
Vengo de una familia grande con muchos hermanos y primos.I come from a big family with many siblings and cousins.
b. large
Pedí un refresco grande.I asked for a large soda.
c. too big
Esa camisa te queda grande. ¿Por qué no te pruebas un número más pequeño?That shirt is too big for you. Why don't you try on a smaller size?
2. (height)
a. tall
Juana está muy grande. ¿Cuántos años tiene?Juana is really tall. How old is she?
3. (age)
a. old
Mi abuela ya está grande y no oye bien.My grandma is old now and can't hear well.
b. older
La nueva profesora de inglés es una mujer grande.The new English teacher is an older woman.
c. big (especially when spoken to a child)
Ya eres grande, Anita. Te puedes atar los zapatos tú solita.You're big now, Anita. You can tie your shoes yourself.
4. (quantity)
a. large
Un gran número de personas se reunió en las calles para festejar.A large number of people gathered in the streets to celebrate.
5. (importance)
a. great
Es un asunto de gran importancia para la nación.It's a matter of great importance for the nation.
b. big
Los líderes del mundo se juntan hoy para discutir las grandes preguntas del cambio climático.The leaders of the world are meeting today to discuss the big questions associated with climate change.
6. (intensity)
a. great
Sentí una gran alegría cuando mi perra tuvo cachorritos.I felt great happiness when my dog had puppies.
b. high
La actriz salió a gran velocidad del teatro sin saludar a los admiradores.The actress left the theater at high speed without greeting her fans.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(fantastic)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. great
Me gané una tablet en un sorteo. -¡Qué grande!I won a tablet in a raffle. -That's great!
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
8.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(adult)
a. grown-up (colloquial)
Hay una mesa para los grandes y otra para los niños.There's a table for the grown-ups and another one for the children.
9. (important person or institution)
a. big name
Nadal es uno de los más grandes del tenis mundial.Nadal is one of the biggest names in world tennis.
b. major player
La empresa de Petrini es una de las grandes del sector textil.Petrini's company is one of the major players in the textile industry.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
10. (lottery) (River Plate)
a. jackpot
Gómez se sacó la grande y se fue a vivir a Punta del Este.Gómez won the jackpot and moved to Punta del Este.
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