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Quick answer
"Una" is a noun which is often translated as "one", and "cuarto" is an adjective which is often translated as "fourth". Learn more about the difference between "una" and "cuarto" below.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (time)
a. one
Es la una de la tarde.It's one in the afternoon.
b. one o'clock
Tengo una cita a la una.I have an appointment at one o'clock.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (ordinal number)
a. fourth
Entra al edificio y toma el ascensor al cuarto piso.Enter the building and take the elevator to the fourth floor.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (fraction)
a. quarter
Un cuarto de la clase es macho.A quarter of the class is male.
b. fourth
Solo un cuarto de los encuestados prefirieron la primera pasta dental.Only a fourth of those surveyed preferred the first toothpaste.
3. (in time expressions)
a. quarter
Son las siete menos cuarto.It's a quarter to seven.
b. fifteen
Son las diez y cuarto.It's ten fifteen.
4. (living space)
a. room
La casa tiene cuatro cuartos.The house has four rooms.
b. bedroom
Comparto un cuarto con mi hermana.I share a bedroom with my sister.
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