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Quick answer
"Persona" is a noun which is often translated as "person", and "alguien" is a pronoun which is often translated as "someone". Learn more about the difference between "persona" and "alguien" below.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (individual)
a. person
Había cientos de personas en el concierto.There were hundreds of people at the concert.
Solo damos una bebida por persona.We're only giving out one drink per person.
2. (law)
a. entity
Una empresa legalmente constituida es una persona jurídica.A lawfully established enterprise is a legal entity.
3. (grammar)
a. person
Nunca se debe escribir un ensayo profesional en primera persona.One should never write a professional essay in the first person.
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A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (indeterminate person)
a. someone
Alguien me dijo una vez que la vida no es justa.Someone once told me that life isn't fair.
b. somebody
Necesito que alguien me ayude.I need somebody to help me.
c. anyone (in interrogative clauses)
¿Hay alguien en casa?Is anyone home?
d. anybody (in interrogative clauses)
¿Alguien ha hecho este curso?Has anybody taken this course?
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