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Quick answer
"Hora" is a noun which is often translated as "hour", and "cuarenta" is an adjective which is often translated as "forty". Learn more about the difference between "hora" and "cuarenta" below.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (period of time)
a. hour
Tuve que esperarlos una hora y media.I had to wait for them for an hour and a half.
2. (specific time)
a. time
¿Qué hora es?What time is it?
3. (right moment)
a. time
Es hora de que se reúnan y tomen una decisión.It is time for them to meet and make a decision.
4. (part of a schedule)
a. period
Tenemos una hora libre después de matemáticas.We have a free period after math class.
5. (meeting)
a. appointment
Mañana tengo hora con el podólogo.I have an appointment with the podiatrist tomorrow.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (number)
a. forty (cardinal)
La montaña está a cuarenta millas de aquí.The mountain is forty miles from here.
b. fortieth (ordinal)
Celebraron su cuarenta aniversario de boda.They celebrated their fortieth wedding anniversary.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (number)
a. forty
Diez por cuatro es igual a cuarenta.Ten times four is equal to forty.
3. (decade)
a. forties
La última vez que un proyecto de infraestructura se completó en la ciudad fue en los años cuarenta.The last time a major infrastructure project was completed in the city was in the forties.
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