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Quick answer
"Carpeta" is a noun which is often translated as "folder", and "bolígrafo" is a noun which is often translated as "ballpoint pen". Learn more about the difference between "carpeta" and "bolígrafo" below.
carpeta(
kahr
-
peh
-
tah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (container for papers)
a. folder
Puse los exámenes en una carpeta azul.I put the exams in a blue folder.
b. file
Guardo todas las facturas en la carpeta que está sobre el escritorio.I keep all the bills in the file on the desk.
c. binder (with rings)
Tengo todas las notas de clase en mi carpeta.I have all my class notes in a binder.
2. (computing)
a. folder
Puedes buscar el archivo de mi tesis en la carpeta "Posgrado".You can look for my thesis file in the folder "Postgraduate."
b. file
No abras la carpeta si te aparece un mensaje de advertencia.Don't open the file if you get a warning message.
3. (case)
a. portfolio
Lucas siempre lleva una carpeta negra al trabajo.Lucas always carries a black portfolio to work.
4. (decoration)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. cover
La tía Paty nos tejió unas carpetas para los sillones.Aunt Paty knitted some covers for our armchairs.
b. table cover
Las mesas estaban decoradas con carpetas de encaje.The tables were decorated with lace table covers.
5. (floor covering)
Regionalism used in Argentina
(Argentina)
a. carpet
En el dormitorio del hotel había una carpeta persa.In the hotel room there was a Persian carpet.
b. rug
Estas carpetas de lana las trajo mi mamá de Perú.My mom brought these wool rugs from Peru.
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bolígrafo(
boh
-
lee
-
grah
-
foh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (writing instrument)
a. ballpoint pen
Prefiero los bolígrafos a los lápices.I prefer ballpoint pens over pencils.
b. pen
Por favor préstame un bolígrafo para firmar el contrato.Lend me a pen to sign the contract, please.
c. Biro
A word or phrase that is a proprietary term owned by a brand (e.g. iPod).
(registered trademark)
(United Kingdom)
Este bolígrafo no tiene tinta.This Biro has no ink.
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