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Quick answer
"Un poco de" is a phrase which is often translated as "a bit of", and "alguno" is an adjective which is often translated as "some". Learn more about the difference between "un poco de" and "alguno" below.
un poco de(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. a bit of
El ambiente está muy cargado. Voy a salir a la terraza, necesito un poco de aire.It's very stuffy in here. I'm going out to the terrace; I need a bit of air.
b. a little
Si tuviera un poco de dinero, me compraba un pequeño terreno en el campo y me hacía una casa.If I had a little money, I'd buy a small piece of land in the country and build a house.
c. a little bit of
Todo lo que te pedí fue un poco de amor, nada más, pero ni eso supiste darme.All I asked from you was a little bit of love, no more, but you couldn't even give me that.
d. some
Ve a casa de la vecina a pedirle un poco de sal. Nos hemos quedado sin.Go to the neighbor's to ask for some salt. We have none left.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (indeterminate)
a. some (in affirmative clauses)
Dime que traes alguna buena noticia.Tell me you have some good news.
b. any (in interrogative or negative clauses)
¿Tiene algún error mi ensayo?Does my essay have any errors?
c. a (in interrogative or negative clauses)
¿Tienes alguna camiseta que me puedes prestar?Do you have a shirt that you can lend me?
d. a few (plural)
Tenemos algunas bolsas, pero vamos a necesitar más.We have a few bags, but we'll be needing more.
2. (used for emphasis)
a. any
No tiene conocimiento alguno sobre programación.He doesn't have any knowledge about programming.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
3. (indeterminate thing)
a. any
Tengo muchos tomates en el jardín. ¿Quieres alguno?I have a lot of tomatoes in the garden. Would you like any?
4. (indeterminate person)
a. someone (in affirmative clauses)
¡Mamá¡ ¡Papá! Alguno tiene que ayudarme con mi tarea de matemáticas.Mom! Dad! Someone has to help me with my math homework.
b. somebody (in affirmative clauses)
Por favor que alguno le abra la puerta.Somebody please open the door for him.
c. anyone (in interrogative clauses)
¿Me puede ayudar alguno a cambiar una llanta pinchada?Can anyone help me change a flat tire?
d. anybody (in interrogative clauses)
De tantos chicos en la fiesta ¿viste a alguno que ya conocías?Out of all those guys at the party, did you see anybody you already knew?
e. one
Alguno de ustedes tiene que acompañarme.One of you has to come with me.
5. (in affirmative clauses; replacing plural nouns)
a. some
Algunos pensarán que este proyecto es inútil.Some may think that this project is useless.
b. some people
Algunos dirían que estamos locos por quedarnos aquí.Some people would say we're mad to stay here.
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