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Quick answer
"Catarro" is a noun which is often translated as "cold", and "gripe" is a noun which is often translated as "flu". Learn more about the difference between "catarro" and "gripe" below.
catarro(
kah
-
tah
-
rroh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (illness)
a. cold
Me has contagiado. Ahora yo también estoy con catarro.You got me sick. Now I have a cold, too.
b. catarrh
A word or phrase that is only used by experts, professionals, or academics in a particular field (e.g. exposition).
(technical)
(nasal congestion)
Mi hermano tiene un catarro, así que tiene que guardar cama.My brother has catarrh, so he has to stay in bed.
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gripe(
gree
-
peh
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (illness)
a. flu
¿Ya te han puesto la vacuna contra la gripe?Have you gotten your flu vaccination yet?
b. influenza
Los síntomas comunes de la gripe son fiebre alta, dolores musculares y tos.Common symptoms of influenza are high fever, muscle pains, and coughing.
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