Quick answer
"Overseas" is an adjective which is often translated as "extranjero", and "abroad" is an adverb which is often translated as "en el extranjero". Learn more about the difference between "overseas" and "abroad" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (from another country)
a. extranjero (student, visitor)
Being an overseas student can hold unforeseen challenges.Ser estudiante extranjero puede implicar dificultades imprevistas.
2. (relating to lands beyond the sea)
a. de ultramar
Some Caribbean islands are sovereign states, but many are overseas territories of European countries.Algunas islas del Caribe son estados soberanos, pero muchas son territorios de ultramar de países europeos.
3. (commerce)
a. exterior
I'm trying to diversify my portfolio with some investments in the overseas market.Estoy tratando de diversificar mi cartera de acciones con unas inversiones en el mercado exterior.
4. (in another country)
a. en el exterior
The CEO will be visiting overseas branches of the company over the course of the year.El director ejecutivo visitará sedes de la empresa en el exterior durante el curso del año.
b. en ultramar
The soldier received an overseas assignment.El soldado recibió una misión en ultramar.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (in another country)
a. en el extranjero
I spent a year studying English overseas.Pasé un año estudiando inglés en el extranjero.
b. fuera del país
I wasn't here to receive the package because I was overseas for a month.No estuve para recibir el paquete porque estuve fuera del país durante un mes.
6. (to another country)
a. al extranjero
I always wanted to travel overseas, but I never had the chance.Siempre quise viajar al extranjero, pero nunca tuve la oportunidad.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (outside a country)
a. en el extranjero
Patrick lived abroad for a couple of years after college.Patrick vivió en el extranjero por unos años después de la universidad.
b. fuera del país
If you're going to go on vacation abroad, you need a passport.Si vas a tomar vacaciones fuera del país, necesitas un pasaporte.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (from another country)
a. el extranjero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This coffee is from abroad.Este café viene del extranjero.
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