Quick answer
"Or" is a conjunction which is often translated as "o", and "rather" is an adverb which is often translated as "preferir". Learn more about the difference between "or" and "rather" below.
or(
awr
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (indicating alternative)
a. o
Do you want the chicken or the beef?¿Quiere pollo o bistec?
I think they have seven or eight children.Creo que tienen siete u ocho hijos.
b. ni (in negative constructions)
Your comment wasn't funny or nice.Tu comentario no fue ni gracioso ni simpático.
OR
An abbreviation is the shortened form of a word or group of words (e.g. "UFO" = "unidentified flying object"; "p." = "page").
abbreviation
2. (U.S. state)
a. Oregón
My friend goes to college in Portland, OR.Mi amigo asiste a la universidad en Portland, Oregón.
3. (operating room)
a. el quirófano
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The doctor and the nurse are in the OR.El médico y el enfermero están en el quirófano.
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rather(
rahth
-
uhr
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (in comparisons)
a. preferir
I would rather die than vote for him.Prefiero morir que votar por él.
2. (quite)
a. bastante
Under the guidance of Pope Francis, the church is becoming rather socially oriented. Bajo la dirección del Papa Francisco, la iglesia se está orientando bastante hacia lo social.
3. (somewhat)
a. algo
I feel rather tired despite having slept for eight hours last night. Me siento algo cansado a pesar de haber dormido ocho horas anoche.
b. poco
She was rather bored during the date. Ella estaba un poco aburrida durante la cita.
4. (more accurately)
a. mejor dicho
He has been in business, or rather at his fruit stand, for 15 years now. Ha tenido un negocio, o mejor dicho un puesto de frutas, ahora por 15 años.
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