Quick answer
"Optimum" is an adjective which is often translated as "óptimo", and "optimal" is an adjective which is also often translated as "óptimo". Learn more about the difference between "optimum" and "optimal" below.
optimum
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (best)
a. óptimo
Our design was updated for optimum performance.Nuestro diseño se actualizó para lograr un rendimiento óptimo.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (highest level)
a. lo óptimo
Being relaxed and alert is the optimum for performance of any task.Estar relajado y alerta es lo óptimo para el desempeño de cualquier tarea.
b. lo mejor
You can make the recipe with white onions, but using yellow onions is the optimum.Puedes preparar la receta con cebollas blancas, pero el uso de cebollas amarillas es lo mejor.
c. el nivel óptimo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This temperature is the optimum for growing tomatoes. Let's plant them now.Esta temperatura está al nivel óptimo para cultivar tomates. Plantémoslos ahora.
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optimal
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (general)
a. óptimo
Jessica runs every day and eats fruits and vegetables so she can be in optimal health.Jessica corre todos los días y come frutas y verduras para tener una salud óptima.
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