Quick answer
"Onshore" is an adjective which is often translated as "en tierra", and "offshore" is an adjective which is often translated as "cercano a la costa". Learn more about the difference between "onshore" and "offshore" below.
onshore
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (moving toward land)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
An onshore sea breeze can quickly turn into dangerous offshore winds.Una brisa marina que sopla en dirección a la tierra puede rápidamente virar y convertirse en un peligroso viento de tierra.
Late in the evening, a light onshore wind began to blow.A la noche tarde, empezó a soplar una brisa ligera que venía del mar.
2. (on land)
a. en tierra
Their company performs onshore drillings.Su empresa lleva a cabo perforaciones en tierra.
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offshore
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (not far from the shore)
a. cercano a la costa
The tourists decided to paddle their kayaks out to an offshore lighthouse.Los turistas decidieron remar sus kayaks hasta un faro cercano a la costa.
2. (mining)
a. submarino
The company finally received approval for offshore drilling.La compañía por fin recibió aprobación para la perforación submarina.
3.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(conducted in another country)
a. en un paraíso fiscal
The senator was charged with avoiding taxes through offshore accounts.El senador fue acusado de evitar impuestos mediante cuentas en paraísos fiscales.
4. (coming from the land)
a. terral
The offshore winds of the empty plains are a resource we should be exploiting.Los vientos terrales de las llanuras vacías son un recurso que deberíamos explotar.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (located near the shore)
a. cerca de la costa
A pirate ship was sighted offshore in the early evening.Se avistó un barco pirata cerca de la costa en la tarde.
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